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雅思口语考试场景、题型、技巧、评分标准

从目前情况看,雅思口语考试一与雅思笔试(听力、阅读、写作)在同一天的概率较小,特别是随着今年雅思考试在中国的日趋火爆,由于参考人数众多,大部分考生的雅思口语与雅思笔试都不是在同一天进行的。雅思中国官方规定是可以安排在笔试当日前后一周的任意一天。

1.雅思口语考考试场景

参加雅思口语考前,首先由工作人员对考生进行“安检”查验身份、拍照、录入指纹等。随后考生进入候考区,一般为教室,等待考场工作人员安排叫号,接到通知后,再进入雅思口语教室。一般同一个考区有多个独立的口雅思语教室,考生须一个人独自进入雅思口语教室,只允许携带身份证、准考证等基础信息证件。

2.雅思口语考考试题型与技巧

2.1 雅思口语Part 1

雅思口语Part 1很像是个人面试,大约4-5分钟。大致过程像你和老外在聊天、闲聊的感觉,主要涉及个人信息,比如你的学校、家乡、家庭、工作、职业等。考生可以把第一部分当作考二三部分的热身,可参照更多雅思口语Part 1 话题库。如果有些考生对口语考试感到紧张,那么建议你在第一部分的环节放松自己、放平心态,进入闲聊状态。

Prat1题型示例:

雅思口语PART 1 TIPS 要点
扩展答案 Part 1的问题一般会简单,如Does your family have any special traditions?”

但不要只是简单的回答“yes” or “no”

回答示例: “Yes. Every year my relatives travel to my family’s house to celebrate Thanksgiving.” 

解释问题 不管考官提问什么类型的问题,在正式回答问题前,应该变相重复一遍考官的问题,尽最大努力解释问题,注意不是简单地重复考官说的话。

Question: Who helped you with your homework when you were in school?

Poor response: “My sister helped me with my homework when I was in school.”

(The words and structures are almost exactly the same as the question)

Better response: “My sister helped me study when I had difficult assignments in school.

(Good use of synonyms, but sentence structure is very similar to the question)

Best response: When I had a difficult school assignment, my sister was always there to assist me.

(Good use of synonyms and changes to the sentence structure)

专注主题 回答的问题不要偏离考官的提问,答案不需要太长,一般几句话就可以了。回答完毕后停止说话,让考官问下一个问题。如果你说话时间很久,考官可能会主动打断你的回答,不过一般情况也仅仅是打断,并不会扣分。

2.2 雅思口语Part 2

雅思口语Part 2考官会从题库夹中抽出一张话题卡给给考生,考生有一分钟的时间准备拟好提纲,就话题卡发表“演讲,需要做2-3分钟左右的回答。当你结束简短的演讲时,考官可能会问你一些后续问题。可参照更多雅思口语Part 2 话题库

Part 2题型:话题卡

Describe a time when you gave someone advice.

You should say:
to whom you gave the advice
what the advice was
whether that person took your advice
and explain why you gave the person that advice.

“When I was in secondary school, I told my best friend that he should be more serious about his studies. My specific advice was that the decisions he makes now could have serious consequence for his career opportunities in the future. Fortunately, he listened to me and after that we helped each other to remain focused on our schoolwork.”

 

2.3 雅思口语Part 3

雅思口语Part 3是Part 2的基础上做深入讨论,问题更复杂并具备一定思维深度,与雅思大作文相似,需要考生发表自己的意见或者观点。比如:的第二部分的主题是描述你童年的快乐记忆。在第三部分,考官可能会问你:“一个人为了过上幸福的生活应该做哪些重要的事情?”通常,在第二个问题结束后,考官问逐渐的问一些深入话题,并过渡到第三部分,难度明显增加。如:

  • What are some qualities of an excellent teacher?
  • What habits lead to success in school or work?
  • In what ways will life be better for the generations that follow yours?

雅思口语Part 3的每一个问题都要清晰详尽的回答,用至少1-2个例子来支持你的观点答案。如果考生说的过短,考官可能会问你更多的话题。一般来讲,第三部分考官的提问会涵盖2-3个口语话题。可参照更多雅思口语Part 3 话题库

 

雅思口语PART 3 TIPS 要点
用简单的话证明你的英语能力 雅思口语Part 3的话题虽然需要考生发表自己的观点,但这点没有“错误”或“正确”,而且考官不是在给你的想法观点打分。考生的分数取决于英语的表达能力,即流利程度、词汇范围、语音标准、语法准确
遇到没听懂的问题怎么办? 第一部分自我介绍,考生一定准备的非常充分;第二部分是话题卡,考生可以清楚的看到问题内容;而第三部分不仅话题内容增加,而且考官的提问也会明显增多,在词汇、发音等方面,考生难免会出现没听清、没听懂的地方。当你没听清或者思路还没有理清时,没关系,可以用如下回答来缓解一下:

1. Ask the examiner to repeat the question. 

Example: “I want to make sure I understood the question. Could you please repeat it?”

2. Comment on the question. 

Example: “That’s an interesting question. I would say that….

3. Introduce your idea. 

Examples:
“Well, the first thing I would say is….”

“I haven’t considered that before, but one thing that comes to mind is…”

“People have many opinions about that in my country. I believe…”

4. Ask about the meaning of a word. 

Example: “I didn’t understand the meaning of _____________. Could you please explain what that word means?”

Note: 不到万不得已,尽量不要问单词的含义

不要放弃 无论如何,不要放弃,2000多元的雅思考试费都已经交了,即便听不懂考官的话题,也要尝试努力

 

3.雅思口语考试评分:

雅思考试使用四个评分类别来确定考生的口语水平,即流利、词汇、语法、发音。详见雅思口语官方评分标准

雅思口语考试成绩的评定是较为主观的,但主观中也有客观,即考生的综合实力:流利程度、词汇范围、语音标准、语法准确。当然,也不乏运气,因为雅思口语涉及话题很广,定期会有话题库更新,提前准备了解话题库是很有必要的,避免刚刚看到话题卡时毫无准备满脸懵B。举个例子,有的考生对历史话题毫无概念,也无兴趣,平时就很少关注中外历史,到了考试,不要说用英语去和考官交流历史话题,恐怕用汉语也很难说出“一个令你感兴趣的历史时期”……

 

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