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雅思大作文问题类型:Cause and effect essay

雅思写作大作文 Cause and effect是常见问题之一,对于这类问题,你需要陈述导致这个问题的原因并讨论其带来的影响,即讲原因,说影响。一般列举2-3个原因,2-3个问题所带来的影响。

写作实例

Today more people are overweight than ever before.

What in your opinion are the primary causes of this?

What are the main effects of this epidemic?

这是一篇关于肥胖的大作文,对于Cause and effect 类型问题,写作思路可参照如下:

Causes of obesity:

  1. inactive lifestyle (relying on cars instead of walking, fewer physical demands at work, inactive leisure activities)
  2. unhealthy eating habits (eating fast-food, drinking high-calorie beverages, consuming large portions of food, eating irregularly)

Effects of obesity:

  1. physical health problems
  2. loss of productivity
  3. depressions and mental disorders

写作结构

  1. Introduction
  2. Body paragraph 1 – causes
  3. Body paragraph 2 – effects
  4. Conclusion

 

1.Introduction

  • Write your introduction in two sentences:
  • Sentence 1 – paraphrase the statement (you can use ‘nowadays/today/these days’ to start):
  • Nowadays the number of overweight people is constantly growing.
  • Sentence 2 – say what you’ll write about in your essay:
  • This essay will discuss the main reasons of this epidemic and then describe the possible effects of the problem.

 

2.Body paragraph 1 – causes

  • Sentence 1 – state all the main causes of obesity:
  • In my opinion, the foremost causes of obesity are inactive lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits.
  • Sentences 2-3 – describe the first cause.
  • Assume that your examiner has no knowledge in this area and you have to explain all the details to him.Today more and more people rely on cars instead of walking, have less physical demands at work and prefer inactive leisure activities. This results in burning less calories and gaining weight.
  • Sentences 4-5 – describe the second cause. Don’t forget that it’s useful to give examples while describing causes:
  • Moreover, the problem is accentuated by the growing number of people, who eat irregularly and consume large portions of high-calorie food. For example, about 50% of the adult population in Europe with so-called disordered eating suffer from obesity.

 

3.Body paragraph 2 – effects

  • Sentence 1 – state all the possible effects:
  • The possible effects of this problem include physical health problems and loss of productivity.
  • Sentences 2-3 – explain the first effect and give an example:
  • First of all, obesity results in incorrect functioning of the human body and contributes to the risk of developing some chronic illnesses. For example, as body fat percentage increases, the person’s metabolism worsens, which in turn may result in diabetes or heart diseases.
  • Sentences 4-6 – explain the second effect and support it with an example:
  • Secondly, overweight people are very unhealthy and often suffer from stress and tiredness. This lessens their work capacity and results in lower productivity. For example, it has been proven that an obese person needs to put more effort to complete some task than a person with normal weight.

 

4.Conclusion

  • For the conclusion you need simply to restate the problem and sum up the causes and effects that you described in your body paragraphs:
  • To sum up, obesity is a big problem that affects a lot of people nowadays. It’s mainly caused by inactive lifestyle and eating disorders and results in severe health problems and loss of productivity.

写作范文

Nowadays the number of overweight people is constantly increasing. This essay will discuss the main reasons of this epidemic and then describe the possible effects of the problem.

如今,超重的人数在不断增加。本文将讨论这种流行的主要原因,然后描述可能的影响问题。

In my opinion, the foremost causes of obesity are inactive lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits. Today more and more people rely on cars instead of walking, have less physical demands at work and prefer inactive leisure activities. This results in burning less calories and gaining weight. Moreover, the problem is accentuated by the growing number of people, who eat irregularly and consume large portions of high-calorie food. For example, about 50% of the adult population in Europe with so-called disordered eating suffer from obesity.

在我看来,肥胖的首要原因是不活跃的生活方式和不健康的饮食习惯。今天,越来越多的人依靠汽车而不是步行,在工作中有更少的体力需求,更喜欢不爱运动的休闲活动。这导致燃烧更少的卡路里和增加体重。此外,越来越多的人不规律饮食,大量摄入高热量食物,这加剧了这一问题。例如,在欧洲,大约50%的所谓饮食紊乱的成年人患有肥胖症。

The possible effects of this problem include physical health problems and loss of productivity. First of all, obesity results in incorrect functioning of the human body and contributes to the risk of developing some chronic illnesses. For example, as body fat percentage increases, the person’s metabolism worsens, which in turn may result in diabetes or heart diseases. Secondly, overweight people are very unhealthy and often suffer from stress and tiredness. This lessens their work capacity and results in lower productivity. For example, it has been proven that an obese person needs to put more effort to complete some task than a person with normal weight.

这个问题的可能影响包括身体健康问题和生产力下降。首先,肥胖会导致人体功能的不正常,并会增加患某些慢性病的风险。例如,随着身体脂肪比例的增加,人的新陈代谢会恶化,进而可能导致糖尿病或心脏病。其次,超重的人非常不健康,经常遭受压力和疲劳。这降低了他们的工作能力,导致了较低的生产力。例如,一个肥胖的人需要比一个正常体重的人付出更多的努力来完成一些任务。

To sum up, obesity is a big problem that affects a lot of people nowadays. It’s mainly caused by inactive lifestyle and eating disorders and results in severe health problems and loss of productivity.

总之,肥胖是当今影响很多人的一个大问题。它主要是由不活跃的生活方式和饮食失调引起的,导致严重的健康问题和生产力下降。

(251 words)

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