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雅思大作文问题类型:Problem and solution essay

雅思写作大作文 problems/solutions questions  是常见问题之一,不同于causes & solutions 问题类型需要阐述原因,problems/solutions questions更注重描述问题、解决问题。对于这类问题,你需要陈述存在的问题和解决问题的方法。一般列举1-2 个问题并列举1-2个解决方面。

 

写作实例

Despite a large number of gyms, a sedentary lifestyle is gaining popularity in the contemporary world.

What problems are associated with this?

What solutions can you suggest?

 

这是一篇关于健康生活方式的大作文,对于problem and solution 类型问题,写作思路可参照如下:

Problems associated with sedentary lifestyle:

  • obesity
  • problems with backbone (osteoporosis, scoliosis)

Solutions:

  • promote walking and cycling as safe and attractive alternatives to motorized transport
  • promote visiting gyms and doing exercises

 

写作结构

  1. Introduction
  2. Body paragraph 1 – problems
  3. Body paragraph 2 – effects
  4. Conclusion

 

1.Introduction

  • Write your introduction in two sentences:
  • Sentence 1 –  paraphrase the statement (you can use ‘nowadays/today/these days’ to start):
  • These days a sedentary lifestyle is becoming more and more popular despite a big number of sport facilities.
  • Sentence 2 –  say what you’ll write about in your essay:
  • This essay will discuss the main problems associated with this epidemic and propose some possible solutions to avoid them.

2.Body paragraph 1 – the 1st reason you agree/disagree

  • Sentence 1 – state the first reason you agree/disagree.
  • Sentences 2-3 – explain the reason.
  • To explain the reason effectively, you can imagine that your examiner has no knowledge of this subject at all and you have to explain every detail:
  • Even if someone is earning a high salary, but feels tensed and compromises with his conscience, this person won’t enjoy his life. While pursuing one’s interests will always bring pleasure and feeling of satisfaction.
  • Sentence 4 – example.
  • It’s always good to give examples in your body paragraphs, even if you’re not asked to do it. In our case, the task asks you to provide relevant examples:
  • For example, a lot of famous researchers made their career choices not because of appealing wages, but because they were passionate about science.
  • Sentence 5 – a short summary of your ideas in this paragraph:
  • That’s why it’s more important to choose the kind of work that makes you happy than to look only at a high salary.

3.Body paragraph 1- problems

  • Sentence 1 – summarise the main problems of inactive lifestyle:
  • The main problems caused by inactive lifestyle are obesity and various spine disorders.
  • Sentences 2-3 – state and explain the first problem (you can also give an example). It’s very important to expand your opinion! Imagine that your examiner doesn’t know this subject at all and you have to explain everything in detail:
  • A growing number of body research shows that long periods of physical inactivity raise a risk of becoming overweight. This is because people burn fewer calories and easily gain weight.
  • Sentences 4-5 – describe the second problem (as usual, expand your opinion). You can give an example and use linking words ‘moreover’, ’what’s more’ or ‘also’ to start:
  • What’s more, a lot of studies show that so-called ‘sitting disease’ often results in posture and backbone problems. Due to constant sitting, person loses muscle tissue and curves spine, developing numerous spinal diseases. For example, it has been proven that about 80% of people experience backache at least once a week.

 

4.Body paragraph 2 – solutions

  • Sentence 1 – briefly state the main solutions:
  • In my opinion, the best solution to this problem is promoting active lifestyle.
  • Sentences 2-3 – write the first solution and explain it:
  • Firstly, millions of people stay less active because they use cars instead of walking. Therefore, an effective way to make people more active is to advertise walking and cycling as safe and attractive alternatives to motorized transport.
  • Sentences 4-5 – describe the second solution (don’t forget to expand your opinion!):
  • Moreover, inactive lifestyle is gaining popularity because nowadays a lot of people prefer passive rest to workouts in the gym. And the best way to avoid the hazards of unhealthy living is to obtain a regular dose of physical activity. Thus, promoting gyms and regular exercising would increase the level of activity.

 

5.Conclusion

  • Write your conclusion in 2 sentences by summing up the problems and solutions you’ve written in your body paragraphs:
  • In conclusion, leading a sedentary lifestyle causes a lot of health problems, including obesity and spinal diseases. The most effective solution is to increase the level of fitness among the society by advertising physical activity.

 

范文

These days a sedentary lifestyle is becoming more and more popular despite a big number of sport facilities. This essay will discuss the main problems associated with this epidemic and propose some possible solutions to avoid them.

尽管有大量的体育设施,但是久坐的生活方式越来越受欢迎。本文将讨论与这种流行病有关的主要问题,并提出一些可能的解决办法来避免它们。

The main problems caused by inactive lifestyle are obesity and various spine disorders. A growing number of body research shows that long periods of physical inactivity raise a risk of becoming overweight. This is because people burn fewer calories and easily gain weight. What’s more, a lot of studies show that so-called ‘sitting disease’ often results in posture and backbone problems. Due to constant sitting, person loses muscle tissue and curves spine, developing numerous spinal diseases. For example, it has been proven that about 80% of people experience backache at least once a week.

不运动的生活方式引起的主要问题是肥胖和各种脊椎疾病。越来越多的身体研究表明长时间不运动会增加超重的风险。这是因为人们燃烧更少的卡路里,容易增加体重。更重要的是,许多研究表明所谓的“坐姿疾病”通常会导致姿势和脊椎问题。由于久坐不动,人会失去肌肉组织和脊柱弯曲,导致许多脊柱疾病。例如,事实证明,大约80%的人每周至少有一次背痛。

In my opinion, the best solution to these problems is promoting active lifestyle. Firstly, millions of people stay less active because they use cars instead of walking. Therefore, an effective way to make people more active is to advertise walking and cycling as safe and attractive alternatives to motorized transport. Moreover, inactive lifestyle is gaining popularity because nowadays a lot of people prefer passive rest to workouts in the gym. And the best way to avoid the hazards of unhealthy living is to obtain a regular dose of physical activity. Thus, promoting gyms and regular exercising would increase the level of activity.

在我看来,最好的解决办法是提倡积极的生活方式。首先,数以百万计的人保持较少的活动,因为他们使用汽车而不是步行。因此,让人们更活跃的一个有效方法是宣传步行和骑自行车是安全的和有吸引力的替代机动交通工具。此外,不运动的生活方式越来越流行,因为现在很多人喜欢被动休息,而不是在健身房锻炼。因此,推广健身房和定期锻炼会增加运动量。

In conclusion, leading a sedentary lifestyle causes a lot of health problems, including obesity and spinal diseases. The most effective solution is to increase the level of fitness among the society by advertising physical activity.

总之,久坐的生活方式会导致很多健康问题,包括肥胖和脊柱疾病。最有效的解决办法是通过宣传体育活动来提高社会的健身水平。

(268 words)

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