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雅思大作文:个体行为是否有助于缓解气候变暖

Some people think that there are things individuals can do to help prevent global climate change. Others believe that action by individuals is useless and irrelevant and that it is only governments and large businesses which can make a difference.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Climate change is a phenomenon affecting all people in all walks of life, from individual citizens to whole countries and huge multinational companies. The question of what we can do to prevent global climate change and whether individual action is effective or not is a hotly debated issue.

气候变化是一种影响各行各业所有人的现象,从个人公民到整个国家和大型跨国公司。我们能做些什么来防止全球气候变化,以及个人行动是否有效,这是一个备受争议的问题。

There are those who say that the majority of the damages is wrought by big businesses. By imposing restrictions on emissions and by strictly monitoring waste disposal from factories, plants and businesses, governments would go a long way towards preventing climate change. It is thought that governments around the world should come up with solutions to help prevent imminent environment disaster. Proponents of this view claim that individual action is irrelevant in the face of massive, wide-scale prevention policies set and controlled by governments.

有人说,大部分损失是由大企业造成的。通过对排放施加限制,并严格监控工厂、工厂和企业的废物处理,政府将在防止气候变化方面大有作为。人们认为世界各国政府应该拿出解决方案来帮助防止迫在眉睫的环境灾难。这一观点的支持者声称,面对政府制定和控制的大规模、广泛的预防政策,个人行动是无关紧要的。

On the other hand, there are a growing number of people who believe that individual action combined with governmental and business action will do a lot more to prevent climate change than if individual citizens were not involved. In a world of six billion people, if everyone thought about the number of water they use, how they dispose of their rubbish, whether or not something needs to be thrown away or if they can, in fact, re-use certain items then we would be giving the problem of climate change and its prevention a massive boost.

另一方面,越来越多的人认为,个人行动与政府和企业行动相结合,将比个人公民不参与更有效地防止气候变化。在一个六十亿人的世界里,如果每个人都想着他们使用水的数量,他们如何处理垃圾,是否需要扔掉的东西或者他们可以,事实上,重用特定项目的问题我们会给气候变化及其预防大规模增加。

Taking both points into consideration, I firmly believe that individual citizens cannot sit back and say it is someone else’s responsibility to protect the environments; we must all play our part-individual citizens, governments and big businesses alike.

考虑到这两点,我坚信公民个人不能袖手旁观,说保护环境是别人的责任;我们都必须发挥我们的部分作用——公民、政府和大企业。

(264 words)

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